LFW-English Communication Program

Day- 1 (April 1st)

Introduction to the Program & Structure
हेलो ग्रूप,

माझे नाव प्राणिल नाईक आणि ह्या प्रोग्रॅममध्ये कुंदन शर्मा सोबत मी लीप फॉर वर्ड चे प्रतिनिधित्व करणार आहे. सध्या लॉकडाउन मध्ये असल्या कारणाने मी तुमच्या समोर व्हिडीओ मार्फत येऊ शकत नाही आहे. संपूर्ण टीम आपआपल्या घरातून काम करत असल्याने थोडीशी गैरसोय होते आहे परंतु ठरल्याप्रमाणे आज पासून आपल्या प्रोग्रॅमला औपचारिकरीत्या सुरुवात होत आहे.

४५ दिवसांचा हा प्रोग्रॅम एकूण ८ टप्प्यात मोडला आहे ज्याचा शेवट एका Certification Test ने होईल. ह्या ८ टप्प्यांची माहिती खालील फोटो मध्ये पुरवली गेली आहे. तरीही, ह्या प्रोग्रॅम चा आधार काय ह्या विषयी आपण थोडे बोलू – मी बोललेली इंग्लिश समोरच्याला समजण्याजोगी असण्यासाठी तीन सर्वात महत्वाच्या गोष्टी म्हणजे;
१. वाक्याचा काळ
२. कर्ता आणि क्रियेचे योग्य combination
३. वाक्यातील विविध भागांची योग्य रचना

#३ नीट रित्या करण्यासाठी अजून काही विशिष्ट गोष्टींची गरज लागते ज्याला आपण इंग्लिश मध्ये Parts Of Speech असे म्हणतो. त्यापैकी काही जे आपण आवर्जून शिकणार आहोत ते म्हणजे Pronouns, Preposition, Adverb आणि Conjunction. इतर Parts चा अभ्यास (Noun, Verb, Adjective ) हे आपण Vocabulary वाढवण्याच्या Quizzes मधून साध्य करणार आहोत.

थोडक्यात व्याकरणातले सर्वच कॉन्सप्ट्स आपण शिकणार आहोत परंतु शिकण्याची पद्धत पाठांतर नसून Quizzes आहे. Quiz घेण्याचीही एक विशिष्ट पद्धत आहे – प्रश्न सोडवायचे, कोणते प्रश्न चुकले ते बघायचे आणि ते का चुकले हे तपासायचे.

तरी, आम्ही “लीप फॉर वर्ड” – मागील १४ वर्षांपासून प्रादेशिक भाषेतील विद्यार्थ्यांना इंग्लिश कसे पटकन शिकता येईल ह्यावर अभ्यास करत आहोत. आज आमचे काम महाराष्ट्र, MP , UP, Rajasthan तसेच गुजरात ह्या पाच राज्यात चालू आहे.

युवक व प्रौढ विद्यार्थ्यांसाठीची २०२० सालची ही आमची २री बॅच. पहिल्या बॅचमधील लोकांना फायदा झाल्याकारणाने हि बॅच सुरु करण्याचा योग्य आला. पुढील ४५-५० दिवसाच्या सहवासात आमचा focus वाक्य रचने सोबतच तुमची Vocabulary वाढवण्यावर पण तितकाच राहील.

तुम्हाला शिकवण्यासाठी आम्ही अगदी इमानदारीने काम करू आणि तुम्हीसुद्धा तेवढ्याच तोडीची मेहनत कराल ही अपेक्षा.

Day- 2 (April 2nd)

For today’s session

a) Vocabulary Quiz
b)Grammar Quiz
1. Pronoun concept videos
2. Pronoun + Preposition Quiz
English sentences, Marathi options

Vocabulary #2
Let’s begin with Quiz no. 1(Vocabulary)
Instruction to solve this Quiz
1. Click on the Green Vocabulary box.
2. Fill your details,
a) Name
b) Whatsapp Number
c) Group name.
3. Press next & start solving
the Quiz.
4. For each English Word you get 57 Marathi words as options, scrolling forward and backward will help.↔️
5. Some time quiz will stuck and you won’t be able to select the correct option, wait for a while it just an internet issues.
Let me know if you face any issues.
Also, please post your scores on the group when you are done.

How to Solve the vocabulary Quiz

Grammar #2
Pronoun concept video 1

Day- 3 (April 3rd)

Pronouns – Identify the Pronoun of the Subject
Prepositions – 33
Marathi sentence parts, English options

Please listen to the audio, before proceeding to today’s session.
Vocabulary #3
Respected Group members,
Instruction for the vocabulary Quiz.
1. Below, we have provided 2 Articles and 2 Audio file.
2.Please read the articles very carefully and listen to the audio file which as an explanation
3.once you go through the Articles and listen to the audio, start solving the Quiz.
Article 1st. Howrah man on a mission wheels his way into city

Mumbai: It is easy to get fooled by 43-year-old Debabrata Sarkar’s slight frame. But this third degree black belt karate expert is a man on a mission. His aim is to rehabilitate prisoners, and identify and help schoolchildren with behavioral problems.

He has traveled on his bike from Kolkata across Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and plans to end his journey in Gandhinagar and then return to West Bengal, notching up over a thousand kilometers in the process.

Sarkar says he drew inspiration from his late father, a police inspector who helped many prisoners. “But some incidents in my childhood also changed my life,’’ he says. The Howrah resident had once gone to watch a Hindi movie starring Amitabh Bachchan and received a sound thrashing from his brother, forcing him to run away to Mumbai. “I was a naughty 10-year old. I came to Grant Road and worked as a domestic help for a fortnight before calling off the whole thing and returning home,” recalls Sarkar.

But that adventure paved way for many more such trips in his life. “On numerous occasions, I was put behind bars where I realized how easy it is for criminals to get back to crime because of lack of rehabilitation measures,” he says.

It was then that he founded an NGO called Salkia Safar to help criminals. He now plans to go to school along with psychiatrists and identify “problem children’’. He says he has not seen Minority Report, but his ideas are close to what Tom Cruise and his team set out to do: eliminate crime before it actually happens.

“But it is not an easy task convincing ministers, jail authorities and even the criminals. Nobody trusts us initially. Nobody has given us funds too,” he rues, half-smiling at the irony of it all before adding, “The system is not foolproof. I can’t promise that crime will come down to zero but we have to find out why students of international schools are shooting each other, isn’t it?”

Article 2nd Quenching Thirst, for 26 Years

On a rain-swept afternoon, two schoolboys rush to a drinking water fountain on the pavement opposite Fashion Street near Bombay Gymkhana. As they cup their hands under the fountain, Rani Poddar turns on the taps. Thirst quenched, the kids smile and are ready to sprint off when Rani chides gently: “Arre beta, thank you to bolo.’’ Embarrassed, they thank her and run.

Like the two boys, most of the people who utilise the 11 piyaus (drinking water fountains) in South Mumbai don’t know who actually provided the facilities. Not that Rani is complaining: “I am thrilled when I see people using my fountains. But a precious commodity like water is owned only by God. I am merely a facilitator.’’ The wife of textile tycoon Kailash Poddar, Rani, isn’t into self-indulgent activities and prefers to devote her leisure to nursing the 11 piyaus she has built over three decades. “They are like my babies,’’ she declares. “For months, my husband has been pestering me to go on a holiday abroad, but I’ve postponed it. I fear that, in my absence, the BMC might close one of the piyaus.’’ Kailash nods.

It was in 1980 that five likeminded women with deep pockets and enough spare time formed a group called Puncham. “We called it Puncham because we were five. Now we have around 200 members,’’ says Rani. Initially, Puncham held melas for children’s homes, supported the physically and visually disabled, distributed food and supplied wheelchairs and ambulances to hospitals. Then, at a dinner in 1982 was born the idea of establishing drinking water fountains. The first one was set up at Girgaum Chowpatty. Rani says she is willing to put up fountains in the suburbs as well. “But it’s not possible for me to take care of them. If someone takes that responsibility, I will fund them,’’ she says. Any takers?

Grammar #3
Pronouns + Preposition

Day- 4 (April 4th)

Pronouns – Identify the Pronoun of the Subject
Prepositions – 25
Marathi sentence parts, English options
Vocabulary #4
Afraid of poor Vocabulary??
Want to know how to Improve it??
Here is the solution…
LeapForWord Introduce a simple technique to build your Vocabulary.
Follow this video to the end!!
Grammar #4
Pronouns + Preposition

Day- 5 (April 5th)

Pronouns – Identify the Pronoun of the Subject
Prepositions – 13
Marathi sentence parts, English options
Vocabulary #5
How to build your Vocabulary faster & easier
Vocabulary Part 2
Watch the Full Video.
Grammar #5
Pronouns + Preposition

Day- 6 (April 6th)

Subject Verb Agreement (SVA) – Only Pronoun + Anchor word
Conjunctions – 18
Vocabulary #6

Respected Group Members,
Sharing 2 Articles and 2 Audio explanations with you all.

What you need to do-
1. Read the article thoroughly first and listen to the audio explanation.
2. Do the same with the second article.

When you are done with reading both the article and listening to their respected audio explanation.

You are requested to take the Vocabulary Quiz

Article 3rd. Policeman’s act of bravery cost him his face

Deepak Dhole, an inspector on duty on the fateful night of November 26, performed acts of bravery, which have yet to be acknowledged. He risked his life not only to battle with the terrorists holed up at Taj, but also to save the life of a State Reserve Police (SRP) constable, who succumbed to his wounds. Dhole, who is from the Colaba police station, has sustained burns all over his face. He needs plastic surgery, and it will take two months before he is discharged.

A constable who works closely with him recalled the series of events that took place on November 26. Dhole had just finished a day’s work at the police station and was about to catch a bus back home when he heard gunshots near Regal Cinema. He could have simply headed to his home in Mumbai Central. Instead, he returned to the police station. “He armed himself with a carbine, and rushed out,’’ the constable recounted.

Dhole headed towards Taj Hotel, accompanied by a sub-inspector and two constables. He entered the hotel’s CCTV control room from where he could get a clear idea of where the terrorists were holed up. By then, the terrorists had opened fire on the police team. To make matters worse, the fire from the upper floors of the hotel was spreading quickly. A SRP constable was hit by the terrorists, and the fire and smoke made it difficult for the police to retaliate. But Dhole crawled out to pull the injured constable towards safety, even as the flames seared his face. Dhole was admitted to Bombay Hospital. “He will require a complete makeover,’’ said a distraught policeman from the Colaba station.

Article 4th
She turned her dispensary into a coaching class for slum kids​

When Dr Surbhi Suchak learnt of the apathy that the downtrodden students face in municipal schools in Mumbai, she decided it was time for a change. Suchak gave up a thriving practice and converted her huge dispensary into a coaching class for slum children.

Suchak’s objective was simple. According to her, It’s time to give something back to the society. This inspired her to start Sunlight Children, the institution that she runs in Juhu came from this thought. At the institution, coaching classes are held for students who are between 5 and 18 years old. The classes, which benefit over 150 boys and girls, are in all subjects. Highly qualified teachers freelance for this school without charging a single penny.” I give conveyance allowance to some of the teachers,’’ says Suchak.

Initially, she used to conduct classes for free. But then children and their parents used to not take the classes seriously. “Often we’d have economists and postgraduates in maths and science waiting to teach but not a single child would turn up,’’ she says. So she introduced a nominal fee of Rs 50 for a month for primary school students and Rs 150 for the secondary.

After she started charging the token fee, parents made sure that their children attended the tutorials regularly. To enrol at Sunlight Children it is mandatory for a child to hail from a slum.

People like Pushpa Murthy, a government employee who recently took a voluntary retirement, and Swati Kharbanda, a freelance film production executive, are among those who teach for free here. There are also qualified housewives who come in occasionally to take a class or two in their spare time. Suchak is also looking for more committed volunteers because the school needs a lot of teachers.

The ISCKON temple that is situated close to Suchaks clinic sends food for the children. Besides this, Trupti Caterers regularly donate samosas and vada pav. Donations are also made in the form of clothes, footwear and other essentials, which Suchak passes on to the children. What is most exciting for the children is that during playtime, they get to play games and puzzles donated by wealthy students of Besant Montessori and Utpal Sanghvi. “Our coaching classes complete their lives,’’ she says. And many of the children have come up with excellent grades thanks to the personal coaching that they receive here.

Grammar #6
Subject Verb Agreement (SVA) – Only Pronoun + Anchor word
Conjunctions – 18

Day- 7 (April 7th)

Vocabulary #7
How to build your Vocabulary faster & easier
Vocabulary Part 2
Watch the Full Video.
Grammar #7
Subject Verb Agreement (SVA) – Only Pronoun + Anchor word
Conjunctions – 18

Day- 8 (April 8th)

Vocabulary #8
Respected Group Members,
Sharing 2 Articles with you all.
What you need to do-
1. Read both the article thoroughly first.
When you are done with reading, you are requested to take the Vocabulary Quiz, which will be shared with you all.
Article 5th - "‘Company’ of pickpockets busted"

They were like any other professionals, working only on weekdays and getting wages for their weekly offs. They also got paid holidays when they felt like taking a break. Even the work was high organized: Each “employee’’ having a specialized job and a fixed formula for distribution of “profits’’. But it all came to an end last week when the Central district police busted this gang of pickpockets which was being neatly run along the lines of a “company’’.

The police have so far arrested 11 gang members and claim to have solved several cases of pick pocketing inside moving vehicles. The gang, which was operational for the past one year, had a healthy picking rate of around mobiles in a day, police said.

The eleven arrested members worked in two groups led by operational heads, Parvez Alam and Mohammad Rehan. These two, referred to by codename “machine’’ by other members, were the ones who actually carried out the pick pocketing. The modus operandi was simple, said DCP (central) Alok Kumar. “The members of the ‘company’ would encircle the target and distract him while the ‘machine’ went about the task of taking out his wallet, mobile and other valuables. They normally picked eight to 10 mobiles apart from cash everyday.’’ Half of the “proceeds’’ went to the “machine’’ and the rest was equally divided amongst other gang members, Kumar said.

The gang is so well organized that the members are treated as paid employees, getting holidays as well as weekly offs.

Most of the members were young, aged between 18 and 23. They usually frequented buses plying in central and north Delhi, where they had created a big network for the disposal of stolen articles. The stolen mobiles were sold to two “agents’’, Sabir Ali and Khalid, who would in turn sell these to buyers of second-hand phones. Police said that raids are being conducted to apprehend Khalid and other members of the gang. The cops have seized 16 mobile phones from the gang in addition to 14 SIM cards.

Article 6th - Rich at heart, this IIT-ian serves poor

The Damunagur slums in Kandivili provide shelter to sweepers, maids, trash collectors, rickshaw drivers and a 28-year-old man with a Master’s degree from Tata Institute of Social Sciences and another from IIT in Powai. It’s a place Deelip Mhaske calls home three nights a week. He hops from hut to hut, sleeping on borrowed beds of families that he calls friends. It’s a deliberate decision for Mhaske, who could have been making Rs 90,000 a month as a researcher for the World Health Organisation, but he turned it down as moving to Geneva, Switzerland would have taken him far from the people that need his help most.

Sleeping only a few hours a night, Mhaske crams his days full of social service to at least five slums serving upto 4.5 lakh people. Providing assistance to these people is his full-time career. His round-the-clock job comprises activities like organising medical camps, setting up slum schools, providing legal advice and career guidance, overseeing support groups for women, running a street theatre called “Theatres Without Borders’’ and assisting in the Indo-Hungarian Education Project, an initiative that’s seen the education of 12 Damunagar girls, completely sponsored all the way to college.

Mhaske hasn’t strayed far from his roots, growing up without electricity or toilet. The son of a poor landless farmer, he was raised in the Bhatapuri village in the Jalna district that has seen upto a hundred farmer suicides. Despite the fact that lucrative jobs are within his reach today, he has not fallen to the temptation. Money, he says, “is better spent on helping those in the slums than on rent.’’ And time spent at a nine to five job in a cushy firm would deny him the intimate day-to-day slum interaction he cherishes—whether it’s bandaging a bloody cricket wound or clapping for the street theatre performance that he helped organise.

With no employment income, he funds his ventures through a bank loan that he plans to replay through odd academic assignments. He uses that money to pay the teachers in the slums, purchase medical supplies used in the bi-monthly camps, subsidise the rental and electricity bills of the dimly lit rooms in the slums, and a bit on himself too. The doctors, do-gooders and other random people that show up to help in the various initiatives Mhaske has arranged, donate their time and services on a volunteer basis.

Bono Abraham Benoit, who spent three hours dispensing medicines at the camp on Tuesday, says he does it because he believes in what Mhaske is doing. “When I met Deelip and saw for myself how he was helping all these people, it drew me in. I’d helped out other organisations but wasn’t inspired by their work,’’ he says.

Mhaske is drawing admirers from every place he has set his foot in. “What I like about him is that he likes to take up challenges, even those that are controversial. He is a person with a position. Above all he is a very good organiser,’’ says Suryakant Waghmore, assistant professor at TISS.

Though grants and charitable money are available, Mhaske points out that it’s not too easy to obtain them. He says that organisations are hesitant to give money to a oneman social force. “They’d rather give it to a more established organization, one that has a business plan in place,’’ says Mhaske, without any grimace on his face. In fact, it was Mhaske’s idea to hold the medical camp specifically on Tuesday because it was how he wanted to spend his 28th birthday. The hard work seems to have taken its toll with crow’s feet and a receding hairline creeping prematurely into Mhaske’s simple looks. With only the clothes in his brandless backpack most days, he’s constantly on the move. He stores his real possessions at his sister’s home—a place he rarely visits.

Grammar #8
Subject Verb Agreement (SVA)  + Modals
In English, we often confused about using some words such as “Can, May, Must, Has To, Have to, etc.”
We call such words as “Modals”
Let’s learn about them more in this video.

Day- 9 (April 9th)

Tenses: Identify the tense
Marathi sentence + English option
Vocabulary #9
Vocabulary Part -4 Anchor Word Techniques
Grammar #9
Respected group members,
In today’s session, we are going to learn about tenses, types of Tenses and how to Identify them.
Attaching an audio file & Quiz with this message, go through the audio first and then solve the Quiz.

Also, we will share 3 concept videos with you, which will help you to understand the concept.
Concept - Simple Tense.
Concept - Continuous Tense.
Concept - Perfect Tense

Day- 10 (April 10th)

Pronouns – Identify the Pronoun of the Subject from a sentence
Marathi sentence + English options
Grammar #10
Get ready for today’s Vocabulary Quiz
Please Note:
This vocabulary is based on the articles attached below, please read the articles first then solve the Quiz.
1. Jaipur Foot heads for Afghanistan
2. Medicine-man looks out for the poor
Good Luck
Jaipur Foot heads for Afghanistan

It will be ‘jaipur foot’ for the northern alliance soldiers and Afghanis crippled by the taliban as means of punishment. The dream innovation of magasaysay award winner p k sethi would be a gift for war-ridden Afghans by the mahaveer viklang sahayta samity (mvss). a 20-member team of the samity flew with 20 tonnes of artificial limbs’ material to kabul in a special aircraft on Sunday. s.r. mehta, secretary of mvss said the team, led by col mahavir singh and dr m k mathur of sawai man singh hospital, has taken 18 technicians who would camp in Kabul for a month to equip the handicapped with the jaipur foot. Although it is not known how many amputees are there to require artificial limbs, but the team is carrying enough stock to cater to the needy. The team is being sent by the ministry of external affairs to help the war-ravaged Afghanis. It is not the first time that mvss has sent a team to Afghanistan. Earlier a team camped in Kabul in 1996 and in 1997. The samity had sent its team to Kabul in 1997 too, but the Taliban takeover hampered their work and it had to return home after equipping only 250 persons with the jaipur foot. The team also trained personnel in attending minor problems and repairs and the Afghans quickly learnt the skill. The “easy-to-handle” and cost-effective (average cost in Kabul per limb is $ 25) the ‘jaipur foot’ not only has takers in Afghanistan, but in 18 other countries including war-ravaged Angola, Somalia, Sudan, Honduras and Rwanda. 

Medicine-man looks out for the poor

He is not a qualified doctor but has a dispensary of his own called Hari Om. It opens three times a week. When patients approach him, he fishes medicines out of gunny sacks or biscuit cartons but they don’t mind. He doesn’t charge a penny. In gratitude, they call him “davaiwala” (medicine man).

 

Thane’s 72-yearold Kishan Thakur is neither a quack nor the stuff of TV’s “breaking news’’. He is just a retired government employee with a unique social routine. For the last 10 years, he has been running a charitable dispensary in Thane, where the only donations he gets are in the form of unused medicines. Every morning, he goes around collecting these strips and capsules from the donation boxes he has set up at chemist shops in the vicinity. Besides this, doctors, relatives and friends contribute. He now boasts of medicines worth Rs 8 lakh. This unique preoccupation provides him recourse from the inevitable side-effect of retirement. “It helps me not to think about unnecessary things.”

 

Thakur, a law graduate who opted for VRS 10 years ago, found his purpose in a scientific newspaper article in 1997. Some chemical engineers, it said, had found that people were throwing medicines after the necessary dosage, much before the expiry date. They were planning to collect these so that they could be used by needy patients. “I decided to do the same in my capacity,’’ says Thakur. And predictably, the first step began at home.

Later, he zeroed in on some obvious points of contact which included doctors, chemists and nationalised banks. About four banks in Thane willingly allowed him to advertise his service on their sacred walls in the form of colourful notices. He then fashioned donation boxes out of old oil cans with his name contact number and dispensary address, to be set up at these places.
Every morning, despite his doctor’s warning against doing too much, the heart patient religiously visits the shops to empty these oil cans. Here, he finds some surprisingly expensive medicines and if in luck, even unused tablet strips. After collecting the day’s quota in carry bags, he sorts them and then stocks them in his dispensary or donates them to hospitals and NGOs. “But some refuse to accept without adequate paperwork,’’ he says.

In the dispensary, he works with a doctor. But he has learnt a lot on his own—and knows what tablets with unpronounceable names are meant for. “It’s the content that matters, not the name’’.

In his tiny clinic that is still waiting for a fixed place, he has met all kinds. He has learnt to look beyond appearances. “Addiction is the main cause of the slum-dweller’s woes,’’ he says. During emergencies like the Gujarat earthquake and the recent floods, he donated entire sacks of medicines. In return of years of goodwill, chemists, doctors and ultrasound centres now offer concessions to the patients referred to them by him.

However, one thing the veteran has not been able to understand is what makes people waste expensive medicines. “Once I found a tonic worth Rs 5,500 in one of the boxes.’’ In the lot, he also finds strips that have already outlived their utility, but Thakur says, “At least they are thinking of donating right now. Otherwise, the medicines would directly find the dust bin,’’

A good doctor, he says, is a rarity but he has found Atin Saha and Dr Umesh Borwankar who donate gunny sacks of ‘sample medicines’ to him. Thakur wants to register his trust but does not have a fixed place or dedicated volunteers he can pass on the legacy to.

Fourteen years ago, he had read somewhere that diabetes is hereditary. Determined to escape his father’s disease, he gave up all dietary temptations. Today, when he goes about his medicine service with the same determination, his family members worry. They feel it’s a thankless service that prompts him to postpone his lunch and dinner timings. “But that is what has kept my heart in the right place,’’ Thakur says, beaming.

Grammar #10
Respected Group Members,
I hope you all are doing well.
Let’s solve the Grammar Quiz #9 (Tenses)
Same concept as yesterday, also we will share an explanation video/ audio for both the Quizzes i.e #8 & #9 by tomorrow.
We will request you all to follow the instruction on yesterday’s sessions and do the same for today, as we move forward in the program it really important that your basics should be clear.

Day- 11 (April 11th)

Grammar #11 Revision Test
Grammar #11
Anchor Word: Find the AW in the correct Tense
Marathi sentence + English option

Day- 12 (April 12th)

Grammar #12
Anchor Word: Find the AW in the correct Tense
Marathi sentence + English option

Day- 13 (April 13th)

Grammar #13
VA – From a Given Marathi sentence, identify the correct English option
Contest: From a given Marathi Sentence
Identify Tense
Identify pronoun of the subject
Identify Preposition
Identify anchor word in correct Tense
Identify the correct WH question
Grammar Revision Test
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Day- 14 (April 14th)

Vocabulary #14
One small toilet for a big Maidan

One of the toughest tests for a man or a woman with a weak bladder is to sit through three or four hours of a political rally at the brigade parade ground. The reason: the entire stretch of this two square km maidan has just one urinal on the north-western end and, that too, an open toilet where one can hardly stand without inhaling a stench comparable only with a pig sty. Most men who want to relieve themselves during a maha michchil search for a place behind the bushes on the eastern fringe of the maidan, for there are no walls here. The women do not even have that option. “It can be a terrifying experience as at any point of time during a rally, there are 50 people relieving themselves behind every available bush. After an hour the entire place stinks to high heaven,” said akhil mistry who sells jhalmuri at the maidan and attends all rallies irrespective of party affiliation. For sakina bibi, who sells cut-fruits, relieving herself is a bigger problem than making a small profit each day. “Only club tents which dot the maidan have proper toilets. But why will members allow us inside? there is one toilet outside the b.c. roy market where women can go since it is a covered one, but imagine walking from the brigade parade ground to the esplanade tram depot to go to a toilet,” she said. But if comrades (of different political colours) and fruit sellers have nowhere to go except behind the bushes, the problem is as acute and certainly more embarrassing for lovers. Known as one the city’s few remaining oxyzones, the maidan is almost always full of couples, settled comfortably behind an umbrella or under a tree. “I always ensure I go to the toilet before leaving home to meet my boyfriend when we have a date at the maidan. It is so embarrassing if I have to go to a club tent and seek some durwan’s permission to use their toilet,” said Anita (name changed) a second year student of south city college. Lovers get some respite if they decide to spend a cozy afternoon at the nearby Victoria memorial, for the heritage site does have a relatively clean pay-and-use toilet for both men and women. “But one has to stand in a queue, especially in winter, since the entire complex has just one toilet,” said robin, an employee who sits at the gate of the rotary-run toilet complex, collecting money from users.

Indian Railways to roll out another luxury train

By the end of October 2009, tourists seeking luxury on wheels would have another option to choose from. The Indian Railways Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC), and Cox and Kings India Ltd., (CKIL), have signed a 50:50 joint venture agreement and set up Royale Indian Rail Tours Ltd., which would run the luxury tourist trains on two routes.

At present, the Deccan Odyssey, run by the Maharashtra Tourism Development Corporation and Indian Railway, is not very popular with tourists. This could be because of exorbitant pricing or the niche market, consisting of foreign tourists who don’t find the ring route followed by the train attractive.

The first route, called the Princely India Tour, is a seven-night journey that covers Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Udaipur, Jodhpur, Jaisalmer, Jaipur and Delhi. The second is the Classical India tour, also a seven-night journey, which covers Delhi, Agra, Gwalior, Khajuraho, Varanasi, Patna and Kolkata.

“The train will carry nearly 100 passengers in 15 coaches and will have two bars and two restaurants. It will have an ultra-modern kitchen and a boutique,’’ said Peter Kerkar, managing director, Cox and Kings India.

The train has many firsts to its credit. It would be the first to have four different classes of passenger accommodation: deluxe, super deluxe, luxury and presidential suites. “One whole carriage will accommodate the presidential suite. Other features include state-of-the-art pneumatic and hydraulic suspension system ensuring smoother ride,’’ said Kerkar. All the passenger cabins would also have microprocessor-based climate control.

IRCTC managing director, Nalin Shinghal said this train would be a landmark in the growth of luxury tourism in India. “This train will traverse through multiple states in India. We will showcase the best
destinations,’’ he said.

Grammar #14
Identify whether the Anchor word is AW, PW1, PW2 or PW+AW
Marathi sentence + English option
Last Quiz before we wrap up our Trail Groups
In some time I will share the Vocabulary Article Quiz
PW1 = is, am, are, was, were, will be
PW2 = has, have, had, will have

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